Table of Contents > Driving > Off-road driving

VW Passat B8 Owner's Manual ➜ Off-road driving

offroad driving  
Safety instructions for offroad  
Introduction to the topic  
Note and from page 159.  
The examples cited in this chapter should be  
understood as general rules that are intended to help  
the driver to drive safely off-road. However, it cannot  
be assumed that they are applicable in all situations  
that arise. Before making an incursion into unknown  
terrain, it is crucial to find out about its characteristics. In  
this way, potential hazards can be assessed in advance.  
The driver is responsible for deciding if the terrain is  
passable and suitable for the vehicle.  
Intelligent vehicle technology cannot overcome the  
limits imposed by physical laws and only works within  
the limits of the corresponding systems. Under  
unfavorable ground conditions, instability situations  
may occur when the wheels lock even with ABS (eg,  
in case of hard braking on loose gravel). Under these  
conditions, the connected ESC can only stabilize the  
vehicle to a limited extent.  
Off-road driving requires different skills and behaviors  
than driving on conventional roads.  
This vehicle has not been designed for “expedition  
character” travel.  
Offroad driving can be dangerous, leading to accidents,  
serious injuries, vehicle damage, and vehicle  
breakdown beyond help.  
For offroad driving, switch off the assistance and  
parking systems.  
· Never choose a dangerous route or take risks that  
endanger you and your companions. If you  
cannot continue or you doubt the safety of the route,  
turn around and find another way.  
Before your first ride, do the following in order to drive  
and drive the vehicle safely off paved roads: ÿ Observe  
the general warnings for  
Even if the terrain seems easy to walk,  
it can be difficult and dangerous and lead to  
critical situations for you and your companions.  
It is best to explore the route first on foot.  
Safety for offroad driving.  
ÿ Adjust the seat so that you have a good view forward  
and put on the seat belt ÿ p. 42.  
· When driving off-road, proceed with special  
prudence and foresight. Driving too fast or missing  
ÿ Always wear suitable, tight-fitting footwear that offers  
a maneuver can cause serious injury and vehicle  
good foot support when operating the pedals.  
Never drive faster than is convenient  
for the prevailing terrain, road, traffic and weather  
A responsible driver respects nature even  
when driving offroad. When traveling through  
areas of scrubland and pastures, the habitat of the  
· Never drive on hills, ramps or  
existing flora and fauna can be destroyed.  
slopes too fast. Otherwise, the vehicle could lift  
up and it would be impossible to control the  
direction, resulting in loss of control of the vehicle.  
Leaking operating fluids as a result of damage  
to the vehicle can contaminate  
undermine the environment. If any operating fluid  
leaks out, please collect it and dispose of it properly  
and in an environmentally friendly manner.  
· If the vehicle were to lift, keep  
Always keep the front wheels in a straight position.  
If the wheels were turned when losing contact  
with the ground, the vehicle could overturn.  
Keep useful accessories for offroad driving in  
the vehicle.  
· Even sections that seem harmless can be dangerous.  
Potholes, cavities, pits, chasms, obstacles, drop-  
offs, and soft, muddy ground are often  
indistinguishable and are partially or fully covered  
with snow, water,  
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offroad driving  
grass or fallen branches. If necessary, explore  
the terrain on foot.  
could be damaged. During off-road forays, always keep the  
windows and glass roof closed.  
Multifunctional sports vehicles have a significantly higher  
rollover risk than conventional passenger cars ÿ p. 160.  
Explanation of some technical  
· In the event of a rollover, occupants who are not wearing  
seat belts are at greater risk of being killed than those who  
Note and from page 159.  
· The vehicle has a higher center of gravity and is more likely  
to overturn while driving than a "normal" car that is not  
suitable for off-road driving.  
Never drive too fast, especially  
mind in curves, or perform extreme maneuvers  
· Always adapt the speed and style of playing  
duction to the prevailing conditions of the  
· When luggage and other objects are transported  
on the roof, the vehicle's center of gravity is  
Fig. 132 Schematic representation: slope angle.  
raised additionally and the risk of tipping over  
Driver assistance systems have been developed for driving  
on firm roads only. Driver assistance systems are not  
suitable for off-road driving and their use can even be  
dangerous. If you use the driver assistance systems while  
driving offroad, you may lose control of the vehicle and be  
seriously injured.  
Fig. 133 Schematic representation: angle of inclination.  
· Never use driver assistance systems when driving offroad.  
Gravity center  
The center of gravity of a vehicle  
determines its anti-roll behaviour. The vehicle has more  
ground clearance to facilitate off-road driving, hence the  
center of gravity is higher than in “normal” passenger  
Driving with too low a fuel level could cause the vehicle to  
stall, which could cause accidents and serious injuries.  
· Before an offroad ride, refuel  
enough fuel.  
This feature increases the risk of tipping while driving.  
Always remember this and take into account the safety  
· The steering and braking assistance systems do not work if  
the engine runs erratically or shuts down due to lack of fuel  
or irregular fuel supply.  
advice and warnings in this instruction manual.  
Ground clearance  
The distance between the pavement and the  
lowest point of the vehicle's underbody. Slope angle  
The height (slope) reached ipnearc1e0n0tamgeseocrtiinondeisgrinedeiscaÿtefidg.a1s3a2.  
Value of the slope that the vehicle can climb on its  
In case of precipitation, if the windows and the glass roof are  
open, the interior equipment of the vehicle and the vehicle could  
get wet.  
own means. The maximum slope angle that  
the vehicle can climb depends, among other  
General rules and tips for driving  
things, on the pavement and the power of the  
Note and from page 159.  
Angle of inclination Value of the angle formed by  
the vehicle when going up a slope inclined or  
perpendicular to the line of fall without tipping  
laterally (depending on the center of gravity)  
ÿ fig. 133. Ramp angle Value of the angle  
formed by the vewhicthleouwththeen ugnodinegrsuidpeaorfatmhep vselohwiclyle  
rubbing against the edge of the ramp.  
— Volkswagen recommends never conducting single-  
vehicle raids. There should be at least two off-  
road vehicles going off-road together. Unexpected  
situations can always arise. It is very convenient  
to carry a device that allows you to ask for help if  
Angle of attack/departure Going from a flat surface  
to an uphill slope or from a downhill slope to  
a flat surface.  
— Especially before going through difficult sections,  
stop and analyze the terrain on foot first.  
— Climb hills slowly to prevent the vehicle from  
bouncing and potentially being damaged and  
Value of the angle formed by the vehicle when  
going over a hill without the underside of the  
vehicle rubbing against the edge of the ramp.  
Fall Line Line  
— Drive slowly on difficult sections. On slippery  
surfaces, shift into a higher gear and keep the  
vehicle in motion at all times.  
representing the vertical descent  
of a slope.  
Crossing axles Torque capacity of the vehicle when  
passing with only one side through an obstacle.  
— Off-road, soft surfaces where the tires sink  
predominate. As a consequence, the ground  
clearance and the wading height of the vehicle  
decrease. Whenever possible, ride on level, firm  
“Before Offroad Driving” Checklist  
— Always keep a sufficient safety distance from  
other vehicles, even when driving at low speed.  
This way, if the vehicle in front becomes trapped,  
you can stop in time and avoid being immobilized  
as well.  
Note and from page 159.  
Checklist For your  
own safety and that of your companions, take into  
account the following points before each offroad  
excursion: ÿ Inform yourself adequately about the  
characteristics of the terrain before the offroad  
· Always make sure there is sufficient ground  
clearance under the vehicle. If the underbody of  
the vehicle touches the ground, they could be  
seriously damaged. These could cause the  
vehicle to immobilize and be impossible to  
continue the march.  
ÿ Fill the fuel tank. Fuel consumption is considerably  
higher offroad than on the highway. ÿ Check if  
the type of tires fitted and their profile are  
suitable for the route you want to take.  
· During offroad driving, avoid slipping the clutch or  
having your foot on the clutch pedal. Otherwise,  
when traveling on rough terrain, you could  
inadvertently depress the clutch pedal, which  
could cause loss of vehicle control. In addition,  
there is a loss of transmission between the  
engine and the gearbox, and the wear of the  
clutch linings is accelerated.  
ÿ Check the pressure of all tires and correct it. ÿ  
Check the engine oil level and add oil. The  
engine will only receive oil, even when the vehicle is  
tilted, if the oil level is sufficient.  
ÿ Completely fill the window fluid tank with water  
and window cleaning product.  
ÿ Place the luggage as horizontal and flat  
possible. Secure all items securely.  
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offroad driving  

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