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Table of Contents > Check engine > Engine oil

VW Passat B8 Owner's Manual ➜ Engine oil

· Store engine oil only in the tightly closed original  
· Use clean, clear water (not distilled) with an  
appropriate glass cleaning product.  
container. Also keep this in mind with used oil  
until it is disposed of.  
· If necessary, add a suitable antifreeze fluid to the  
window washer fluid.  
· Never store motor oil in food cans, bottles or other  
empty containers, as this could lead to someone  
swallowing it.  
WARNING  
· Never mix suitable cleaning products  
two with others. Otherwise, flocculation of the components  
could occur and the ejectors could be clogged.  
· Continuous contact with engine oil  
can damage the skin. Wash areas of skin that have been  
soiled with oil thoroughly with soap and water.  
· When replenishing operating fluids, make sure you  
pour the correct fluids into the correct fill ports.  
Using the wrong operating fluids can cause serious  
malfunctions and engine damage.  
· When the engine is running, engine oil is  
extremely hot and can cause severe skin  
burns. Always wait for the engine to cool down.  
Leaking or spilling engine oil can contaminate the  
environment. If any operating fluid leaks out, please  
collect it and dispose of it properly and in an environmentally  
friendly manner.  
engine oil  
Introduction to the topic  
Engine oils are adapted to the requirements of engines and  
exhaust gas cleaning systems, as well as the quality of the fuel.  
In all combustion engines, for technical design reasons, the oil  
comes into contact with combustion residues and fuel, which  
affects the aging of the oil. It is important for the function and life  
of the engine to use the correct oil. The engine is supplied from  
the factory with a special multigrade synthetic oil which can  
generally be used all year round.  
engine oil standards  
Note and , on page 315, and , at the beginning of this  
chapter, on page 320.  
As far as possible, use only engine oil approved by Volkswagen  
ÿ . If you wish to use the flexible oil change service, only use  
engine oils approved for this service that meet the relevant  
Volkswagen standard.  
Since the quality of the fuel differs from one market to  
Engine oils are subject to constant improvement. Volkswagen  
another, in part considerably, this aspect must be taken into  
dealers always receive timely information about any changes.  
account when choosing the appropriate motor oil.  
Therefore, Volkswagen recommends having the oil changed  
by a Volkswagen dealer.  
The use of engine oils conforming to the VW 504 00, VW 507  
00, VW 508 00 and VW 509 00 standards requires the use of  
fuels with a quality conforming to the following standards or  
At the end of the chapter, in the troubleshooting section, you  
equivalent.  
will find information about warning and control lights that come  
on ÿ p. 324.  
— Petrol according to EN 228  
— Diesel according to EN 590  
WARNING  
For this reason, engine oils in accordance with the VW  
Improper handling of engine oil can cause severe burns and  
504 00, VW 507 00, VW 508 00 and VW 509 00 standards  
are not suitable for many markets.  
other injuries.  
nes.  
· When carrying out work related to engine oil,  
always wear eye protection.  
service identification  
In distinctive vehicle data ÿ p. 394 or on the cover of this manual  
you can check if the flexible service QI6 (long duration) applies to  
your vehicle.  
· Engine oil is toxic and should be kept out of  
the reach of children.  
320  
check and reset  
or the fixed service QI1, QI2, QI3, QI4 (based on time  
or mileage).  
· If you do not know if the vehicle is equipped with a  
particulate filter, consult a specialized workshop.  
Volkswagen recommends going to a Volkswagen  
dealer for this.  
Authorized Engine Oil Standards  
If the engine is filled with engine oil in accordance  
with the VW 502 00, VW 504 00, VW 505 01 or VW  
507 00 standards, there will be a sticker on the lock  
holder in the engine compartment with a note to this  
effect. Observe the information and, if possible, only  
use the indicated oil ÿ .  
· If the mentioned engine oils are not available, you can  
use another engine oil in case of emergency. In order  
not to damage the engine, you can only add a  
maximum of 0.5 liters of the following engine oil until  
the next oil change :  
Petrol engines with particulate filter 1)  
Flexible service VW 508 00 or as an alternative  
VW 504 00 2)  
Gasoline engines: ACEA A3/B4 or API SN standard  
(SMAPI)  
Diesel engines: ACEA C3 or API CJ-4 standard  
Fixed service VW 508 00 or alternatively  
VW 504 00 2)  
WARNING  
If the vehicle is fitted with engine oil conforming to the  
Gasoline engines without particulate filter  
Flexible service VW 508 00 or as an alternative  
VW 504 00 2) 3)  
VW 502 00, VW 504 00, VW 505 01 or VW 507 00  
standards, try to use oil of the same standard.  
Otherwise, the engine could be damaged.  
Fixed service VW 502 00  
Diesel engines with particulate filter 1)  
Flexible service VW 507 00 or as an alternative  
VW 509 00 2)  
change engine oil  
Fixed service VW 507 00 or alternatively  
VW 509 00 2)  
Note and , on page 315, and , at the beginning of  
this chapter, on page 320.  
Diesel engines without particulate filter  
Flexible Service VW 507 00  
The engine oil should be changed regularly. Observe  
the service interval that applies to your vehicle ÿ p. 364.  
Fixed service VW 505 01  
.
Volkswagen recommends motor oils  
Changing the engine oil and filter requires special tools  
and knowledge, and proper disposal of used oil is  
essential. For this reason, always have the engine oil  
If the quality of the fuel does not comply with the EN  
228 standard, engine oil conforming to the VW 502 00  
standard must be used.  
and filter changed by a specialized workshop.  
WARNING  
Volkswagen recommends going to a Volkswagen dealer  
for this.  
· Do not add any additional lubricant to engine oil. Any  
type of damage caused by the use of this type of  
product is excluded from the legal guarantee.  
More detailed information on service intervals can be  
found in the chapter "Service" ÿ p. 364.  
Engine oil additives cause new oil to darken after a short  
· Volkswagen recommends using engine oils approved  
according to the corresponding VW standard in each  
case. Using engine oils that do not meet these quality  
engine run time. This is normal and is not a reason to  
change the oil more frequently.  
requirements can cause engine damage.  
1) If you do not know if the vehicle is equipped with a particulate filter, consult a specialized workshop.  
Volkswagen recommends going to a Volkswagen dealer for this.  
2) The use of alternative engine oil specifications in fixed service QI1, QI2, QI3 and QI4 is only allowed if the quality  
of fuel available in the country concerned complies with EN 228 (for gasoline) or is equivalent.  
3 G 0 0 1 2 7 6 0 A H  
3) The use of engine oil according to the VW 504 00 standard instead of VW 508 00 may increase  
consumption and CO2 emissions .  
engine oil  
321  
WARNING  
Check engine oil level and top up oil  
When in exceptional cases you have to change the  
engine oil yourself, please note the following: ·  
Always wear eye protection.  
Note and , at the beginnionngpoafgthei3s1c5h,aapntder,,  
on page 320.  
· To avoid burns, always wait for the  
engine cools down completely.  
Keep your arms horizontal  
when unscrewing the oil discharge screw by  
hand so that oil cannot flow down them.  
· To collect used oil, use a suitable container that  
has at least the same capacity as the engine.  
· Never store engine oil in food cans, bottles or  
other empty containers, as other people could  
mistake it.  
· Engine oil is toxic and should be kept out of  
the reach of children.  
Fig. 232 Infotainment system display: Engine oil level  
indicator.  
Before changing engine oil, first find out where  
you can properly dispose of used oil.  
Always dispose of used oil in an  
environmentally friendly manner. Never  
dispose of used oil in gardens or forests, in the  
sewage network, on streets or roads, in rivers or  
other types of water.  
engine oil consumption  
Note and , on page 315, and , at the beginning  
of this chapter, on page 320.  
Engine oil consumption can vary from engine to  
engine and over the life of the engine.  
Fig. 233 Engine oil level marks on the oil level dipstick  
(variants).  
Oil consumption can be up to 1 l (1 quart) per 2,000  
km (1,200 mi) depending on driving style and the  
conditions in which the vehicle is used. In the case  
of new vehicles, during the first 5,000 km (3,100 mi)  
this consumption can be even higher. For this  
reason, the oil level should be checked regularly,  
preferably when refueling and before going on long  
journeys.  
If the engine is subjected to great stress (eg,  
taking long motorway journeys in summer or  
crossing high mountain passes), the oil level should  
be in the upper permissible range ÿ p. 322.  
322  
check and reset  
— Press the Menu function button .  
— Select and press the function button  
.
Vehicle  
— Press the Select function button  
— Select the vehicle status.  
.
— Press the function buttons to select the Oil Level menu  
option.  
4. Necessary operations after checking the level  
engine oil:  
on the infotainment system display ÿ fig. 232  
A Do not add engine oil ÿ .  
Fig. 234 In the engine compartment: engine oil filler  
B The engine oil level is correct. HE  
cap (schematic representation).  
You can add oil up to the upper limit of this zone if, e.g.  
eg, the motor is subjected to great stresses ÿ p. 320, ÿ p. 322.  
If necessary, continue with step 5.  
Legend to ÿ fig. 232:  
A Do not add engine oil under any circumstances.  
B The engine oil level is correct.  
C The engine oil level is too  
low. Add without fail engine oil. Continue to step 5.  
C The engine oil level is too low.  
jo. Add engine oil.  
on the dipstick for the oil level ÿ fig. 233  
Legend to ÿ fig. 233  
A The engine oil level is too high.  
Necessary operations after checking the engine oil level on  
the dipstick:  
If necessary, pay attention to the messages on the instrument  
panel display and contact a specialized workshop.  
A The engine oil level is too high. Gives  
B Do not add engine oil under any circumstances.  
C The engine oil level is correct.  
If this is the case, take into account the  
messages that appear on the instrument panel  
display and contact a specialized workshop .  
D The engine oil level is too low.  
jo. Add engine oil.  
B Do not add engine oil. continue on the  
step 16.  
The current oil level can be displayed on the infotainment  
system display ÿ fig. 232.  
C The engine oil level is correct. HE  
in it  
,
Alternatively, when the bonnet is opened, the instrument  
panel shows the oil level ÿ p. 318.  
You can add oil up to the upper limit of this  
zone if, e.g. For example, the engine is subjected  
to great stress. Continue at step 8 or 16 ÿ .  
D The engine oil level is too  
The vehicle is also equipped with a dipstick for the oil level in  
the engine compartment ÿ fig. 233.  
low. Add without fail engine oil. Continue to step 8.  
checklist  
5. Switch off the ignition.  
Perform the following steps in the order listed ÿ :  
6. Open the engine hood ÿ p. 317.  
1. Park the vehicle with the engine at operating temperature on  
a level surface to avoid incorrect checking of the engine oil  
level.  
7. Locate the engine oil filler neck.  
You can recognize the oil filler neck by the symbol on the  
cover ÿ fig. 234. If you are not sure where the cover is  
located, go to a specialized workshop.  
2. Shut off the engine and wait a few minutes for  
return engine oil to the oil pan  
tea.  
8. Unscrew the oil filler cap ÿ fig. 2. 3. 4.  
3. Necessary operations to check the level  
engine oil:  
9. Add oil little by little and in small amounts (not more than 0.5 l/  
0.5 quarts).  
3 G 0 0 1 2 7 6 0 A H  
Volkswagen AG recommends using oils from  
— Switch on the ignition.  
engine oil  
323  
engines approved according to the corresponding  
the help of specialized personnel. Otherwise the  
VW standard in each case.  
catalytic converter and the engine could be damaged!  
10. To avoid overfilling the tank, each  
Each time you add oil, wait a few minutes for the  
oil to flow into the oil pan.  
· When replenishing operating fluids, make sure you pour  
the correct fluids into the correct fill ports. Using the  
wrong operating fluids can cause serious malfunctions  
and engine damage.  
11. Recheck the oil level on the gauge on the  
infotainment system display before adding another  
small amount of oil. Never top up engine oil ÿ .  
Do not allow the engine oil level to be above the  
zone ÿ fig. 232B . Otherwise, oil could be sucked  
in through the cartamnokscpahserberethartohuegrhanthdeinetxohtahuest system.  
12. At the end of the process, the oil level should be  
in the center of the area ÿ fig. 232 B or ÿ fig. 233  
C. It should not be in zone A , abnoevveeBr a,llaonwdit to  
cross zone A ÿ .  
Problems and solutions  
13. If you have inadvertently added too much oil and  
the level is above the zone ÿ fig. 232 march.  
Note and , on page 315, and , at the beginning  
of this chapter, on page 320.  
,
,
Contact a speÿcfiiagl.iz2e3d3wAorkshdopo annodt,pifunt ethceesesnagryin, e in  
request the help of specialized personnel.  
Engine oil pressure too low Control lamp  
flashes red.  
14. After refilling, close the oil filler neck with the cap.  
15. Close the engine hood ÿ p. 317.  
Do not continue the march!  
Engine oil pressure is too low.  
On the Oil Level screen you can see when the next  
service is due by pressing the Service function button.  
After carrying out a service, the service message is  
updated after approx. 5 days or after traveling 500 km.  
Until then, the infotainment system display shows  
Inspection in --- km / --- days Oil change in --- km / ---  
days.  
- Turn off the motor.  
— Check the engine oil level ÿ p. 322.  
If the warning lamp flashes even though the oil level is  
correct, do not continue driving or leave the engine  
running.  
Failure to do so may cause damage to the engine.  
WARNING  
If engine oil comes into contact with hot engine parts,  
it could ignite. This could cause a fire, burns and  
other serious injuries.  
— Request the help of specialized personnel.  
Engine oil level too low  
The control indicator lights up yellow.  
· If oil is spilled on cold engine components, the oil  
may become hot and ignite when the engine is  
running.  
— Stop the vehicle as soon as possible.  
- Turn off the motor.  
· After replenishing the oil, make sure that the ta  
pon is firmly screwed on. This will prevent oil from  
— Check the engine oil level ÿ p. 322.  
leaking out and onto hot engine components when  
the engine is running.  
Fault in the engine oil system  
The control indicator flashes yellow.  
There is a fault in the engine oil system.  
— Visit a specialized workshop.  
WARNING  
· If you have inadvertently added too much oil and the  
level is above the zone ÿ fig. 232 Go to a specialized  
— Have engine oil system checked.  
tor.  
,
workshop and, ifdnoencoetsstaarryt,trheeqeunegstine. avi  
324  
check and reset  
To protect the engine cooling system, the percentage  
of additive must always be at least 40%. If greater  
antifreeze protection is required for climatic reasons,  
the proportion of additive can be increased. However,  
only up to a maximum of 60%, because otherwise the  
antifreeze protection would be reduced and, in turn,  
the cooling effect would be worsened.  
Engine coolant  
Introduction to the topic  
Only carry out work on the engine cooling system  
yourself if you are familiar with the necessary  
operations and the generally applicable safety  
measures, and if you have the appropriate tools,  
media and operating fluids. Improper work can lead to  
serious injuries ÿ . If necessary, have all work carried  
out by a specialist workshop.  
This additive is recognized by its purple coloration.  
This mixture of water and additive not only offers  
antifreeze protection down to -25 °C (-13 °F), but  
also protects the light-alloy parts of the cooling system  
against corrosion, prevents lime deposits and increases  
the boiling point of the coolant considerably.  
Volkswagen recommends going to a Volkswagen  
dealer for this.  
When topping up engine coolant, a mixture of distilled  
water and at least 40% G 12evo coolant additive  
should be used for optimal corrosion protection ÿ .  
WARNING  
Engine coolant is toxic!  
· Store coolant only in the tightly closed original  
container and in a safe place.  
ro.  
The mixture of G 12evo with the engine coolants G  
13 (TL-VW 774 J), G 12 plus-plus (TL VW 774 G), G  
12 plus (TL-VW 774 F), G 12 (coloured red) or G 11  
(blue-green in color) considerably worsens corrosion  
protection and should therefore be avoided ÿ .  
· Never store engine coolant in food cans, bottles,  
or other empty containers, as it could be  
swallowed by someone.  
Keep the engine coolant was  
out of the reach of children.  
· Make sure the percentage of coolant additive is  
correct taking into account the lowest ambient  
temperature expected in the place where the  
vehicle will be used.  
WARNING  
If the engine cooling system does not have  
sufficient antifreeze protection, the engine could  
fail, resulting in serious injury.  
· When the outside temperature is extremely low,  
the coolant may freeze and the vehicle may  
· Make sure the percentage of coolant additive is  
correct taking into account the lowest ambient  
temperature expected in the place where the  
vehicle will be used.  
stall. Since the heating would not work either in  
this case, the occupants who were insufficiently  
bundled up could freeze to death.  
· When the outside temperature is extremely low,  
the coolant may freeze and the vehicle may  
stall. Since the heating would not work either in  
this case, the occupants who were insufficiently  
bundled up could freeze to death.  
Coolant and its additives can pollute the  
environment. If you go out to  
any operating fluid, collect it and dispose of it  
properly and in an environmentally friendly manner.  
WARNING  
Engine Coolant Specifications  
Never mix original coolant additives with engine  
coolants that have not been approved by Volkswagen.  
Note and , on page 315, and , at the beginning  
of this chapter, on page 325.  
· If the fluid in the expansion tank does not have a  
pink coloration (resulting from mixing the purple  
additive with distilled water), but, e.g. For example,  
brown, the G 12evo additive has been mixed with  
an unsuitable coolant. In this case, the coolant must  
be changed immediately.  
The engine cooling system is factory-filled with a  
mixture of specially treated water and at least 40% of  
the G 12evo (TL-VW 774 L) coolant additive.  
3 G 0 0 1 2 7 6 0 A H  
Otherwise serious faults could occur!  
325  
Engine coolant  

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